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"F-M.U.S.EU.M"
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:: holyplaces-kn ::
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Antiquity
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Before Roman Period
Roman Period







Before Roman Period

ORNAMENTS FROM THE NECROPOLIS NEAR THE VILLAGE OF KATRISHTE, KYUSTENDIL REGION - End of VII- beginning of VI century B.C.
24 graves from a flat necropolis dating back to the Old Iron Age have been excavated and researched by the village of Katrishte, Kyustendil region. Among the funeral inventory stands out a collection of ornaments. It comprises jewelry made of bronze, electron and amber. The bronze ornaments are represented by fibulas, bracelets, necklaces, beads, earrings, etc. The fibulas are double-spiraled, with an arched bow, flanked on both sides with embossed rings. The sheath plate is of Beotian type with a shield decorated with lines. The bracelets are made of solid bronze wire with a spherical or semicircle section and crossing endings. The necklaces consist of spirals of wound bronze wire, shaping a tube. Biconic beads accompany the spiral ornaments and fibulas. The buckles are round plates decorated with parallel-engraved lines. The collection also includes a rare find- an electronic jewel and an amber necklace. The ornaments date back to the last decades of VII century B.C.- beginning of VI century B.C.


    Pictures:
  1. Bronze fibulas VII- VI century B.C.- inventory number -67; -51
  2. Bronze bracelet VI- V century B.C.- inventory number -70
  3. Necklace made of amber beads VII- VI century B.C.




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2 INVENTORY FROM A MOUND GRAVE NEAR THE VILLAGE OF DOLNA KOZNITSA, KYUSTENDIL REGION IV- III CENTURY B.C.
The collection of items from the grave inventory includes protective weaponry and weaponry for attacks, ornaments, ceramic and bronze utensils, and parts from trappings. The bronze protective weaponry consists of a helmet- Halkid type, a pair of plastic greaves and two shields- a round one and an oval one. A rare find are the well-preserved bronze spurs. Two vessels- kantharus and skiphos were imported from Athos. A unique find is the skiphos on pottery, whose walls have been entirely decorated. The most precious items from the collection are the 100 silver and gilded appliqués on trappings. Part of them illustrate the following scenes: a lion attacking a deer, Hercules fighting the Nemeian lion, a fight between a lion and an eagles griffin. Flora and fauna ornaments are decorated on a small group of appliqués. According to the style patterns the appliqués are associated with the items made in the spirit of the Thracian schemitism from the second half of IV century B.C. They are one the best examples of Thracian toreutics from Southwestern Thrace.


    Pictures:
  1. Bronze helmet- Halkid type, IV century B.C., inventory number -153
  2. Bronze greaves, IV century B.C., inventory number -150; -157
  3. Silver oval ornament, IV century B.C., inventory number -145



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Roman Period

BRONZE PLASTIC ARTS FROM PAUTALIA II- III CENTURY
The collection of plastic bronze arts, which includes appliqués on Thracian chariots, vessels, and statuettes, represents best the ancient stock of the Kyustendil museum. The biggest part of the stock is the car decorations. These are busts and statuettes of the Greco- Roman gods Apollo, Athena, Hercules, Eros, Pan as well as the local deity Strimon. The iconographic repertoire includes pictures of men and women with medallions, and zoomorphic motifs. This group also includes appliqués to the yoke and the trappings. The bronze vessels are classified in two groups: vessels used for water and balm vessels for oils. The former includes buckets, cauldrons, bowls with handles, jugs, washbasins. The latter group includes busts. The paintings include Hercules, men from the black race, young men wearing mantles and nebrids and a young man with a medallion. Apart from these, there are other impressive items such as a spheroid vessel with a relief decoration illustrating a sports event. Another group of small pieces of plastic art stands out- cult statuettes of Hera, Asclepius, Hermes, and Apollo- horseman. Some items from the collection are imported masterpieces, while the others were made in a local atelier in Pautalia at the end of II century, beginning of III century.


    Pictures:
  1. Statuette of Hera II century- inventory number 422
  2. Bust of Athena, appliqué on a Thracian chariot II-III century- inventory number II-42
  3. Bust of a young man wearing a mantle and a nebrid, balm vessels II century- inventory number 31
  4. A jug with a three-leaved mouth II century- inventory number II- 258



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ART CERAMICS FROM PAUTALIA II- IV CENTURY
The collection of art ceramics from Pautalia II-IV century contains the greatest amount of items in the ancient stock of the museum. The collection includes luxurious table vessels. They have been molded on a potters wheel from fine clay mixed with mica and have a red or gray black colour after the baking. The vessels are covered with black polish and have a metallic glitter. The various ceramic vessels- plates, bowls, cups, jugs, trays, craterlike vessels have different shapes. A major pattern of the polish ceramics from Pautalia is the stamped decoration, which was laid on with stamps before the baking process. The most popular are the flora, geometric, and zoomorphic motifs. Rare as it may be, there are also religious patterns as well as engraved decoration, and very often both types are combined. The art ceramics was produced in a local center on the territory of Pautalia in the Roman times, but it has not been yet found.


    Pictures:
  1. Black polish cup with a stamped decoration III-IV century- inventory number II-25
  2. Gray polish bowl III-IV century- inventory number II-26


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STONE PLASTIC ART FROM PAUTALIA II-III CENTURY
The collection consists of items excavated by Yordan Ivanov near Hissarluka, Kyustendil at the beginning of XX century as well as items found perchance in the town and the vicinity. The collection contains sculptures and votive reliefs, which illustrate religious cults in Pautalia. Out of the monumental sculptures have been preserved parts from statues of Asclepius, Zeus, Hera and Apollo. There are also good samples of the small pieces of plastic art- head of Asclepius, torso of Aphrodite, and others. The votive tablets are dedicated to Asclepius, Hygiea, Telesphorus, Zeus and Hera, Hercules, Dionysus, Hermes, Arthemid, Thracian horseman and others. The marble votive reliefs from II-III century were made in a local atelier in Pautalia according to epigraphic evidence. On a relief illustrating Hercules, apart from the name of Herodes, Eptaikents son, his profession of sculptor is mentioned as well.


    Pictures:
  1. Votive plate of Asclepius. II-III century, inventory number- 13
  2. Votive plate of Asclepius, Hygiea, and Telesphorus. II-III century, inventory number 15
  3. Head of Asclepius II- III century, inventory number 15
  4. Torso of Aphrodite II- III century, inventory number 815
  5. Torso of Apollo. II- III century, inventory number 1029
  6. Votive plate of Hercules. II- III century, inventory number 294.






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Regional Historical Museum Academician Yordan Ivanov, Kyustendil - 2004-2006